Clinical pictures

Incontinence (urinary incontinence & fecal incontinence)

More than ten percent of Germans are affected, but hardly anyone speaks about it: We are talking about incontinence. More than nine million German citizens are incontinent and have difficulty controlling their bladder or - in rarer cases - their bowels. The number of unreported cases is likely to be much higher since, according to statistics, only four out of ten people affected confide in a doctor. provides comprehensive information about the disease incontinence.

Doctors differentiate between different types of urinary incontinence, depending on the cause. The most common are:

  • Stress incontinence / stress incontinence
  • Urge incontinence
  • Mixed incontinence
  • Reflex incontinence
  • Overflow incontinence
  • Nocturnal enuresis
  • Functional incontinence
  • Fecal incontinence

Causes: diseases such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, multiple sclerosis, stroke


Arthrodesis is the surgical stiffening of a joint. It is performed in advanced osteoarthritis when an artificial joint is no longer possible. Read everything about the process of arthrodesis, when it is necessary and what the risks are. Arthrodesis is the deliberate surgical stiffening of the joint. The most common reason for arthrodesis is advanced osteoarthritis. The destruction of the joint surfaces makes the joint increasingly unstable and painful. The aim of arthrodesis is therefore pain relief and long-term high resilience. However, the normal joint function is given up. Arthrodesis cannot be reversed.